Oak is a symbol of strength and endurance. Except for construction purposes, the oak is prized for its exceptional texture, because the abundance of colors especially after polishing. Because of these qualities it is a favorite wood of carpenters and joiners for making tiling, doors, furniture and flooring. The original color of the oak is light brown but darkens over time. Throughout the world there are many different types of oak trees. Regardless of the type you have chosen for your interior, it will provide a sense of warmth and comfort in your home. Artistiko sells and distributes a variety of oak hardwood and laminate flooring..
Color: dark brown to black, with black streaks. Tree: height varies from 18 to 27 meters; the trunk is usually straight and with a diameter of about 91 cm. The wood material: the texture is rather coarse, straight construction, hard and heavy. Processing is relatively easy with machine tools, but it quickly blunts the blade. Easy to bent. The adhesive is difficult, if resinous. Usage: furniture, cabinets, flooring, production, externally. Region: tropical jungles of West Africa, Zaire, Cameroon, Gabon, Tanzania.
Merbau is a tree that grows in the coastal mangrove forests of Southeast Asia, and reaches about 50 m in height. It has a strong durable stem. The wood is used to make flooring. In U.S. and European stores it is usually sold under different names. Its wood is prized for its strength and resilience of termites. In the Philippines , merbau is used as the standard for determining the durability of other woods . Merbau is used where stability and sustainability are important, such as flooring, furniture, musical instruments. The tree can be extracted dyestuff, bark and leaves are used in traditional medicine, and the seeds are used for food.
The wood of the walnut is attractive, hard (except for the young trees), thick, strong and easy to polish. The core is dark brown, has fine structure and light gray-brown sapwood. When dried in an oven, the color of the nut tends to gray-brown, and when it is dried in an oven – to tan. It is highly appreciated because of the color, strength and structure and is used in furniture and flooring.
As a common tree in our country, the ash is seeking its place in your home. Ash tree reaches a height of 40 meters in diameter and a thickness of 1 m. It is characterized by rapid growth at young age. It grows especially near the wetland plains, soils rich in minerals. Being a beautiful ornamental tree it is often used in parks and gardens. The wood is strong and tough, with beautiful texture. Resistant to decay and is very durable. Ash is harder than oak, but it is extremely flexible and easy to bend. The flooring has a clear bright natural color ranging from pure white to gray. Because of its beautiful texture, the sapwood of ash is most valuable for the production of flooring, but the yield of this wood is not large. Its bark and flowers are used in traditional medicine.
Beech belongs to the Oak family and is widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere. In our country there are two types – simple and east. Beech has a beautiful, light wood with a uniform texture. Its structure is as silk, relatively rigid and durable, and easy to process, but is susceptible to rot. In heat treatment beech changes color and gets soft reddish shades. After oak this is the most often used wood for the manufacture of flooring.
Mahogany has a generally straight structure without gaps and creases. The color of the wood is reddish -brown and polishing gives a reddish sheen. It has excellent workability, durable and doesn’t rot easily. These properties make mahogany a preferred material in shipbuilding (as tradition shows), as well as for furniture and upholstery (see Chippendale – style English furniture of XVIII century), musical instruments, and other items with a long shelf life. Mahogany is used for making drums, because of its ability to emit mysterious, warm sound compared to other common types of wood, like maple and birch. The drums of the famous band “Beatles” were made of mahogany.
Teak wood is typical for India, Burma, Thailand, Indochina and Java. But because of its qualities is has been planted in the tropical regions of East and West Africa, Cuba, the Caribbean, and South America from Panama to Brazil. Teak wood is easily applicable for different purposes; suitable for internal and external joinery (windows, doors). It is also used for flooring, with an average load. The teak wood has a medium density, rather mild and characteristic appearance. The core is dull yellow at first, but it gets gold-brown or even dark gray-brown when exposed to light, often with gray or black stripes. Sapwood is yellowish – white or pale yellow -brown. The wood is oily to the touch and smell of leather. Its structure is straight or wavy. Teak tree is not tropical and therefore cannot grow in moist forests. It grows best in dry, hilly regions, like the forests of Southeast Asia. Reaches 45 meters in height and diameter of 4-5 m. It is suitable for any use, because of the strength and beautiful appearance of the products made from it. Teak wood is considered one of the best. It has a beautiful and thick texture. Contains essential oils and therefore virtually no rot, resistant to insects and store more than 100 years. It is easily treated and polished.
Maple is the most loved and usable deciduous tree (for all purposes) in North America. Used for rough work, and for making fine furniture. Sapwood of sweet maple is the only ingredient in maple syrup, delicious elixir produced each spring in Ontario, Quebec and New England. Maple trees are also a tourist attraction. Maple Leaf is a symbol of Canada and is proudly placed in the middle of the country flag. Because of its hardness, toughness and other properties it is used for the manufacture of flooring, furniture, interior woodwork, linings. It contributes to the flourishing of several industries in eastern Canada. Sapwood is generally white with light reddish-brown hues; the core is reddish-light brown, sometimes darker.
The kempas flooring is very strong. The sapwood of Kempas is yellow to white, while the core is mostly pink to reddish, used a lot in the Far East. Kempas wood offers a wide selection of colors from pale pink to dark red, but over time the colors change from lighter to darker shades. Kempas is resistant to decay. It doesn’t wear away and has no perceptible smell. Dries easily and has a thick, strong and rigid structure. Because of the rich variety of colors, Kempas wood is also used for decoration. Grows in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Sumatra. The wood is harder than most types of oak trees. Used for making flooring, furniture, cabinets, chairs and linings. It is very easy to Easily stick it, forge, cycle and polish.
Bamboo is a group of evergreen plants the cereal family. Native to eastern and southern Asia, there are known more than 1600 different species. It is a fast growing plant – the record is 120 cm per day, and its height reaches 40 m. Sometimes it forms dense impenetrable forests. Used as a building material because of its strength as a material for making various dishes, souvenirs , etc. In some countries of South Asia special type of paper is being produced from bamboo. It is also used as an ornamental plant in parks. The natural color of bamboo is thatched golden, and where the nodes of the stem are, darker stripes are visible. Its structure is uniform and dense.
The particular structure of the bamboo does not allow it to be used in its natural form to make solid products. So parquet planks are being adhered in the factory from separate bands. Bamboo is highly resistant to mechanical and climatic effects.
Cherry sapwood is narrow and reddish – white, but the core is colored in contrast reddish-yellow to red- brown. The wood fibers are fine, straight and evenly spaced, the texture is even. Because of its beautiful reddish color and fine texture, cherry wood is used for artistic products. Cherry wood is moderate, hard and fine-grained. It has soft texture and sheen; splitting is very difficult. Machining does not cause problems, as well as surface treatment. Very smooth surface can be obtained after grinding, polishing and etching.
The color of the birch wood is white with yellowish or reddish hues. Core rays are narrow, differing only in the radial section. The annual layers are almost nonexistent. The wood is moderately hard, homogeneous in density and is easy to work with and imitate valuable species of wood. The disadvantage is the susceptibility to buckling and decay of birch.
The color of the wood is grayish-white. Core beams are narrow, visible only in cross section. Winding annual rings are also visible in cross section. The wood is very hard, uniform and tough; difficult to handle because it is heavy. In a longitudinal incision it is monotonous white. Used for the production of panels for furniture production. Age limit of hornbeam is 300-350 years.
Sapwood is narrow, yellowish. Mature wood is pinkish-brown sometimes pink-gray. Has a flat color texture. Extremely decorative wood, looking good. Darkens with time. It has medium hardness, but lends itself well to any type of treatment.
Cork forests are found mainly in the following seven countries: Portugal, Algeria, Spain, Morocco, France, Italy and Tunisia. The life of the cork tree is approximately 200-250 years. Cork bark and recycled waste from other cork products are used for the production of cork coatings. Cork is almost indispensable as cladding, heat- and moisture- proof material. Further advantages are its extraordinary strength and durability. Cork coverings are not moisturizing, do not rot, they are easy to clean and are chemically inert to the effects of household chemicals. After special factory processing pathogenic micro flora, fungi and insects do not develop in Cork. Insulating properties of the material help to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature: in winter it keeps the heat in the summer and keep cool. Cork is also the best natural sound insulator. This element is impregnated with no adverse odors such as cigarette smoke, and doesn’t get electrified, unlike many synthetic materials, and does not collect dust – a feature which is particularly important for persons suffering from allergies. Cork coatings have high durability and can be used for veneering of residential, office, warehouse, laboratory and other facilities. Aside of its polifunctionality, no less important is its decorative expression. The different cork coatings can be combined perfectly with each other and with other types of materials such as wood, stone, metal and glass. There is an unclear boundary between the core and sapwood. Sapwood is almost white, and the core is white with light red, grayish – brown shades and silky shine. Cork is the lightest of all soft woods.
Sapwood and core are sharply separated. The Sapwood of Rosewood is narrow, light yellow to grayish hue. Core is purple or chocolate brown with gray-brown, black and dark brown belts. Over the time, due to the impact of air and light, the wood fades a bit. Core beams are narrow and barely visible. The wood is very heavy, hard, tough, doesn’t dry very much and polishes well. It is also resistant to atmospheric factors. Preferred for high-quality interior construction, for making luxury furniture, veneer, turning objects carving products, etc.
Sapwood is light; the core is gray-brown with various shades. Annual layers are detectable only in a cross section. The wood has great strength and biopersistence.
The sapwood is narrow and white. Ebony is an evergreen tropical tree of the Ebony family. It is found in southern India and Sri Lanka. It reaches height of 20 to 25 m. Used often for decorative purposes. There are intense black wood with high density, polished extremely smooth. Endangered species is therefore now used mainly for producing of musical instruments. The black chess figures are made out of it. The core is black; the annual layers are visible only in cross section. Hard like bone, heavy and solid. Ebony sinks in water.
Sukupira grows in South America, mostly in the basin of the Amazon River. Sapwood is narrow and colorless. Mature wood has beautiful reddish-brown shades with yellow streaks. Very heavy, solid. Sukupira contains tannins, and therefore is difficult to handle, but grinds and polishes well. Drying must be very slow, otherwise the tree strains.
Sapwood is narrow and gray. Texture is bulky, but uniform. Mature wood is yellow-brown. It looks like wood Tick, but darkens with time. Dries well and quickly. Handles well with most tools. Easy to glue and forges. Iroko is resistant to environmental changes. It can be used as a substitute for teak.
More widely in South America, and Central Africa. Sapwood is reddish-gray. Mature wood is olive-gray with alternating light and dark areas. Darkens with time under the influence of light. The wood is very heavy, solid, contain tannins. Easily dried, but there is a significant trend towards hogging.